Often, it is possible to obtain a J Waiver to eliminate this two-year requirement.
The J program is administered by the US Department of Status. In order to apply for a J-1 visa, you need to obtain form DS-2019 from your sponsoring agency. You need to ask either the Responsible Officer (RO) or the Alternate Responsible Officer (ARO) what documents you need in order to obtain form DS-2019.
Spouses and children of J-1 visaholders may be obtained J-2 status. Persons in J-2 status may apply for employment authorization documents although their income may not be used to support the J-1 visaholder. Persons in J-2 status should apply for their work permits using form I-765.
J waivers may be obtained by the following means: (1) No Objection Letters (Not for IMGs); (2) Exceptional Hardship; (3) Persecution; and (4) Interested Government Agencies (IGAs).